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Tom Price Committee Assignments

Tom Price
23rd United States Secretary of Health and Human Services
In office
February 10, 2017 – September 29, 2017
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded bySylvia Mathews Burwell
Succeeded byAlex Azar
Chair of the House Budget Committee
In office
January 3, 2015 – January 3, 2017
Preceded byPaul Ryan
Succeeded byDiane Black
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 6th district
In office
January 3, 2005 – February 10, 2017
Preceded byJohnny Isakson
Succeeded byKaren Handel
Majority Leader of the Georgia Senate
In office
November 14, 2002 – June 17, 2003
Preceded byCharles W. Walker
Succeeded byBill Stephens
Minority Whip of the Georgia Senate
In office
November 6, 1998 – November 14, 2002
Preceded byEric Johnson
Succeeded byRobert Brown
Member of the Georgia Senate
from the 56th district
In office
January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2005
Preceded bySallie Newbill
Succeeded byDan Moody
Personal details
BornThomas Edmunds Price
(1954-10-08) October 8, 1954 (age 63)
Lansing, Michigan, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Betty Clark
EducationUniversity of Michigan, Ann Arbor(BA, MD)
Net worth$10 million[1]

Thomas Edmunds Price (born October 8, 1954) is an Americanphysician and politician, who served as the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services in the administration of Donald Trump in 2017, and who was the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 6th congressional district, encompassing the northern suburbs of Atlanta, from 2005 to 2017.[2]

While in Congress, Price served as chairman of the House Committee on the Budget,[3], chairman of the Republican Study Committee, and on the Republican Policy Committee.[4][5] On September 29, 2017, he resigned as head of HHS following criticism of his use of private charters and military aircraft for travel.[2]

Early life, education, and medical career[edit]

Price was born in Lansing, Michigan, and grew up in Dearborn, where he attended Adams Jr. High and Dearborn High School.[6][7] Price's father and grandfather were both doctors. As a child, Price occasionally accompanied his grandfather on house calls in Toledo, Ohio. Until Price was the age of six, his father worked a dairy farm in Fowlerville, Michigan.[8]

He received his B.A. (1975) and M.D. (1979) degrees from the University of Michigan.[6] He completed a residency in orthopedic surgery at Emory University in Atlanta, and settled in the suburb of Roswell, Georgia.[9]

He began private practice, running an orthopedic clinic, in 1984, and returned to Emory as an assistant professor of orthopedic surgery in 2002.[7][10] Price also was the director of the orthopedic clinic at Atlanta's Grady Memorial Hospital, where he first met his wife Betty, who worked there as anesthesiologist.[7][11]

Price is a former member of the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons (AAPS), a politically conservative non-profit association founded in 1943 to "fight socialized medicine and to fight the government takeover of medicine."[12][13] The AAPS opposes Medicare and mandatory vaccination. Price is also a member of the American Medical Association,[14]

Before entering the state senate, Price was a politically active member of the Republican Party and traveled with the Medical Association of Georgia in the early 1990s to oppose the Clinton health care plan of 1993.[8]

Georgia Senate (1996–2005)[edit]

Elections and results[edit]

Price first ran for office, after receiving a phone call from state senator Sallie Newbill in 1995. Newbill, who represented Georgia's 56th senate district, was planning to retire and personally asked Price if he was interested in succeeding her. Price accepted the offer[8] and defeated Democrat Ellen Milholland in the election, 71–29%.[15] In a 1998 rematch, he won re-election to a second term by defeating Milholland by a margin of 75–25%.[16] In 2000 and 2002, he won re-election to a third and fourth term unopposed.[17][18]

Price has cited discontent with government regulations of the health care industry as his primary reason for becoming involved in politics.[19]

Committee memberships[edit]

During his tenure as state senator, Price served on the committees for Appropriations, Economic Development and Tourism, Education, Ethics, Health and Human Services, Insurance and Labor, Reapportionment and Redistricting, and Rules.[20]


Price was elected minority whip of the Georgia state senate on November 6, 1998.[21] He held this position until November 14, 2002, when Republicans took control of the state senate, and Price was elected majority leader – the first Republican to ever hold this position in Georgia.[22][23][24] He was replaced as majority leader by Bill Stephens on June 17, 2003.[25]

U.S. House of Representatives (2005–2017)[edit]



In late April 2003, Price formally announced his candidacy for Georgia's 6th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives.[26][27][28] The seat was being vacated by Republican Johnny Isakson, who had decided to pursue an opening in the U.S. Senate.[29]Bob Barr, a former U.S. Congressman, was considered an early frontrunner in the race to replace Isakson, but Barr withdrew his candidacy for personal reasons, shortly before Price entered the race.[30][31][32] Price went onto run against two fellow state senators, Chuck Clay and Robert Lamutt, as well as two state representatives, Roger Hines and Mark Burkhalter.[33][34] Also taking part in the race was John McCallum, a former aid to U.S. House SpeakerNewt Gingrich.[35][36]

At the time, Georgia's 6th Congressional district included parts of Fulton, Cherokee, and Cobb counties.[27][36] The district lines had been drawn so as to heavily favor Republicans - The Atlanta Journal-Constitution called the district a "honey pot" for the party and suggested that whoever won that year's primary would likely retain the seat "into the next decade".[35] Isakson had won the previous election with eighty percent of the vote,[29] and no Democrat entered the race to replace him.[33][34][36]

Following Barr's withdrawal from the race, Lamutt, a millionaire venture capitalist who self-financed much of his own campaign, was generally considered to be the new frontrunner;[24] although The Atlanta Journal-Constitution suggested that Clay, who had previously run an unsuccessful campaign to be Lieutenant Governor of the state, likely had the most name recognition of the remaining candidates.[35] Clay had also served as Republican minority leader in the state legislature, several years before Price became the party's majority leader.[21] Price's residence in Fulton County was seen as a disadvantage, because the 6th district had been exclusively represented by Cobb County residents since 1991.[24] All of Price's opponents on the final ballot lived in Cobb.[37][38] Price considered relocating, in order to improve his chances in the race, but he ultimately decided against this.[24][39]

Despite this handicap, Price had out-raised his opponents by late July.[40] Although he was briefly overtaken by Clay, in February of the following year, it was reported that Clay and Price were the two highest-funded candidates in that year's Congressional races, nationwide.[41] Price reclaimed his top position in the 6th district race within a few months.[42] Federal election law put a limit of $2,000 on individual contributions to the campaigns, but Lamutt activated a clause that raised this limit to $6,000 for his opponents, when he loaned $600,000 to his own campaign.[43] Lamutt would eventually increase this loan to $1.5 million,[24] while Clay loaned at least $500,000 to his own campaign. In late April 2004, it was reported that Price had put a loan of $200,000 into the race - despite this disparity in self-funding, Price had received contributions from a significantly higher number of donors than his opponents. At least $300,000 of Price's campaign funds came from the health care industry.[42]

In the final week of the election, several polls had Price ahead.[44][45][46]The Atlanta Journal-Constitution endorsed Clay over Price and the others, arguing that there was "little difference among the contestants on the issues", but that Clay had exhibited the greatest skill as a negotiator, while in the state legislature.[47] Burkhalter and McCallum were not on the final ballot.[37][45][48] On July 11, 2004, a televised debate was held between the remaining candidates.[44][49] The election was then held on July 20.[48] While early voting results showed Lamutt in the lead,[50] Price overtook him by the end of the night[38] and finished in first with 35% of the vote. Lamutt came in second, earning 28% of the vote, and Clay took third with 21% of the vote.[51] Because Price failed to earn over 50% of the vote, a run-off election between him and Lamutt was scheduled for August 10.[38][52][53]

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution proceeded to endorse Price in the run-off election, arguing that he had demonstrated strong leadership abilities in the state senate, during "difficult budget years".[54] Lamutt was generally favored to win though, based on the assumption that he would consolidate the vote in Cobb County.[39][55][56] A televised debate between Price and Lamutt was held on August 1,[39][57] and early voting began the following day - the first time in Georgia state history that early voting was allowed in a runoff election.[58] Price upset expectations by winning 54% of the vote - carrying about 80% in Fulton County and about 40% in Cobb County.[59][60][61] Price then won the general election unopposed.[62][63]


Georgia's 6th Congressional district was redrawn in 2005, to include all of Cherokee County.[64] That Fall, John Konop, a businessman from Cherokee, announced that he would challenge Price in the Republican primary.[64][65][66] Konop ran to the right of Price on immigration policy and criticized Price's support for the Central American Free Trade Agreement. He also argued that Price's support for transportation and energy bills would increase the federal deficit. Price defended these bills, arguing that the former would return more tax-payer money to Georgia and that the latter could potentially help the United States achieve energy independence.[67][68][69] Price raised $1.5 million throughout the primary campaign, while Konop merely raised around $50,000.[68]The Atlanta Journal-Constitution endorsed Price in the primary election, suggesting that Price could play an important role in shaping future health care legislation.[70] A televised debate between the candidates was held on July 7, 2006, and the election was then held on July 18.[67] Price defeated Konop, 82%–18%.[71][72][73]

Price then faced a Democratic challenger in the general election - Steve Sinton, a media figure from Cobb County, who had co-founded the liberal talk radio news network Air America.[66] Sinton argued that the Republican-controlled Congress had been irresponsible in its spending policies and oversight of the Iraq War. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution considered these to be valid concerns, but endorsed Price for re-election, arguing that he would better represent the conservative 6th district's constituents.[74] In November, Price won re-election to a second term with 72% of the vote.[75][76]


Price was unopposed in the 2008 Republican primary.[77] He then ran against Democratic candidate Bill Jones, a retired air forcepilot, in the general election.[78] Jones was described by The Atlanta Journal-Constitution as a moderate.[79] He cited Price's opposition to an expansion of the Children's Health Insurance Program as one of his primary reasons for entering the race.[80] Jones managed to raise over $225,000 - more than any other Democratic challenger in Georgia's congressional elections that year.[81] An easy victory for Price was still predicted though.[80][81] A debate was scheduled for October 21, 2008, but Price was not in attendance, as Congress was in session at the time. Jones was still allowed to deliver remarks at the event.[82] Price carried a large margin of victory over Jones, earning 69% of the vote.[83][84][85]

In 2010, Price was unopposed in both the primary and the general election.[86][87][88] He was again unopposed in the 2012 and 2014 primaries,[89][90] but faced Democratic challengers each year in November.[91][92] In 2012, Jeff Kazanow, a business consultant, narrowly beat Robert Montigel, a small-business owner, in the 6th district's Democratic primary.[89][93] Montigel went onto become the district's Democratic nominee in 2014.[94] Price won re-election to a fifth term in 2012, beating Kazanow with 64% of the vote,[95][96] and to a sixth term in 2014, beating Montigel with 66% of the vote.[97]


After being unopposed in the 2016 Republican primary, Price faced Democratic challenger Rodney Stooksbury in the general election.[98] Stooksbury, said to be a retired aeronautic,[99] was described by the media as a "ghost candidate", as he had no public photographs, official website, or social media presence. When CBS46 sent a reporter to his listed address, there was no answer, and Stooksbury's supposed neighbors had never heard of him.[100] The Stooksbury campaign spent a mere $346.[101] Despite the handicap of possibly not existing, Stooksbury performed better than any of his predecessors - Price won the election, but only carried 61% of the vote.[102][103]


Price was chosen to serve as chairman of the Republican Study Committee in November 2008, upon being elected to his third term in Congress.[104] Two years later, he was chosen to serve as chairman of the House Republican Policy Committee, which made him the "fifth highest ranking Republican in the House".[105] Price was also chosen in 2010 to serve on the Ways and Means Committee[106] and on the Budget Committee.[107] In December 2012, he was named Vice-Chair of the Budget Committee, serving under Paul Ryan,[108] and in November 2014, Price succeeded Ryan as the committee's chairman.[109]

In 2012, Price sought the position of Republican Conference Chairman, which would have made him the fourth highest ranking Republican in the House. He was endorsed by Ryan,[110] as well as by the Tea Party-affiliated organization FreedomWorks, conservative political commentator Erick Erickson,[111] future Vice-President and then-governor of Indiana Mike Pence, and outgoing Republican Conference Chairman Jeb Hensarling.[112] Ryan said of Price, "He was instrumental in drafting our House Republican budget. His vocal leadership on issues like health care, tax reform, and fiscal matters has been vital to our messaging and policy efforts. No one will work harder than Congressman Price at building a strong and compelling communications and policy strategy that reflects the will of our membership and the needs of the nation."[110] Although then-Speaker of the HouseJohn Boehner did not publicly endorse anyone in the race, he was seen as preferring Price's challenger for the position, Cathy McMorris Rodgers, and offered Price a separate position if he dropped out of the race for Conference Chairman - Price turned down the offer.[112][111][113] He lost the election to McMorris Rodgers in November.[114][115]

That same year, Price was considered as a possible primary challenger for Republican senator Saxby Chambliss,[111][116] and in 2014, Price was considered as a possible replacement for Eric Cantor as the House Majority Leader, but Price ultimately decided against pursuing either of these positions.[24][117][118]

In 2013, the American Conservative Union named Price one of the most conservative members of Congress, giving him a 100% approval rating.[119] Price was also described as one of the most conservative members of Congress by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution and the New York Times.[115][112]

Price is a member of the Republican Main Street Partnership.[120]

Voting record and political views[edit]


In response to questions as to whether or not vaccines cause autism, Price stated in January 2017 “I think the science in that instance is that it does not”.[121] Price said in March 2017 that it should be up to individual states to determine whether vaccinations should be required - a position that is in keeping with current U.S. law, which does not require vaccinations on a federal level. All fifty states do however, have laws requiring that children in public schools be vaccinated.[122]

As a U.S. Congressman, Price voted multiple times to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act,[123] as well as portions of the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.[124][125] Price introduced his first post-Obamacare bill as early as 2009, thereafter reintroducing updated versions in every Congress since that point.[126] In May 2015, as House Budget Committee chairman, Price released health care legislation which was described by Bill Kristol of the National Review as "the strongest Obamacare alternative offered in Congress to date."[127] Greg Sargent of the Washington Post wrote of the bill, "it's good to have a fleshed out plan, because it helps clarify the differences between the parties on health reform."[128] Sargent also wrote that "GOP reforms would likely translate into lower-quality plans and a coverage expansion that would benefit fewer people. But that would be the trade-off Republicans would make to achieve their goal of less government spending and interference in the market than that which occurs under Obamacare."[128] In 2017, after Price was nominated to be Secretary of Health and Human Services, NPR wrote that Price's 2015 bill would be seen as "one of the main paths forward to repeal portions of the ACA."[123]

Price has supported Paul Ryan's plan to privatizeMedicare.[11]

Price voted against the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, a law that for the first time gave the Food and Drug Administration regulatory jurisdiction over tobacco products, i.e. the power to regulate tobacco as a drug.[123]


Price opposes abortion and voted to withdraw federal funding for Planned Parenthood.[123] In 2005, he co-sponsored the Right to Life Act, which would have defined life as beginning at the moment of conception, therefore banning most abortions and many forms of contraception.[129] On multiple occasions, Price supported the proposed Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, which if passed, would have implemented a nationwide ban on abortions occurring after the twentieth week of pregnancy.[129][130][131][132]

Price supported the proposed Protect Life Act of 2011,[133] which would have amended the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (often abbreviated as the ACA) to deny federal subsidies to any health insurance plans offering abortion coverage - exceptions would have been allowed in the cases of rape, incest, or when a mother's life is at risk.[134][135] The ACA already banned federal subsidies from being used to cover abortions, but did allow health insurance plans covering abortions to receive federal subsidies, so long as such funding was not directly used for abortion coverage.[136] The Protect Life Act would have also allowed hospitals to refuse life-saving abortions to women in emergency situations.[137][138]

In 2013, Price co-sponsored the Health Care Conscience Rights Act,[130] which would have amended the ACA to allow all employers opposed to abortion and contraception to offer health insurance plans that do not cover these services. The bill also would have amended the Public Health Service Act to strengthen protections of health care workers who refuse to participate in abortion procedures.[139][140][141][142]

Among the ACA's other provisions, Price is opposed to the bill's elimination, under most health insurance plans, of co-pays for birth control. Price defended his position on this issue in a 2012 interview, by suggesting that there are no women in the country who have ever struggled to pay for birth control. He said, "Bring me one woman who has been left behind. Bring me one. There's not one."[143][144][145] Numerous media outlets have refuted this assertion.[143][144][145][146][147] In 2017, during his confirmation hearing to become Secretary of Health and Human Services, Price was questioned about this comment and responded, "What I meant is that when I had patients in my office who could not afford a medication we did everything we could to make sure they could have it. There are avenues in the health care system that doctors and hospitals take to make sure people can get the health care they need."[148]

Price has received perfect scores from the National Right to Life Committee, while receiving scores of zero from both Planned Parenthood and NARAL Pro-Choice America.[149] He participated in the March for Life annually from 2009 through 2013 and also participated in 2015.[150][151][152][153][154][155]

Economic policy[edit]

In 2011, Price voted to reduce non-security discretionary spending to 2008 levels[156][157][158] (and subsequently voted against several amendments offered via motions to recommit with instructions).[159]

In 2013, he was the main sponsor of the Require a PLAN Act (mandating that the President identify a fiscal year in which the budget will be balanced).[160][161] He voted for the No Budget, No Pay Act[162][163] and a resolution establishing a budget for the United States Government for FY 2014 that passed the House of Representatives.[164] In 2011, Price voted to prohibit federal funding of National Public Radio.[165] Price voted to terminate the Emergency Mortgage Relief Program.[166] Price voted to reduce federal spending and the deficit by terminating taxpayer financing of presidential election campaigns and party conventions.[167]

Environment, energy, and agriculture[edit]

Price rejects the scientific consensus on climate change.[168] In 2008, he signed a pledge sponsored by Americans for Prosperity promising to vote against any global warming legislation that would raise taxes.[169] In 2010, while speaking out against proposed regulations of carbon dioxide, Price said that the science behind global warming was filled with "errors and obfuscation".[168][170]

In 2006, Price voted against the Deep Ocean Energy Resources Act - a bill which maintained the moratorium on most offshore oil and gas drilling in the United States. Although the moratorium went onto be lifted two years later, it was reinstated under President Barack Obama, prompting Price to vote in favor of the Reversing Pres. Obama's Offshore Moratorium Act in 2011.

In 2007, Price voted against the No Oil and Exporting Cartels (NOPEC) Act, which would have removed sovereign immunity protections for OPEC, allowing the organization's members to be sued in the U.S. court system.[171] Although the bill passed with bi-partisan support in Congress, it was vetoed by President George W. Bush.[172]

That same year, Price voted against the Creating Long-Term Energy Alternatives for the Nation (CLEAN) Act, which if passed, would have eliminated tax breaks and subsidies for oil and gas companies - the newly raised funds would have then been used to support the development of alternative energy sources. Price also voted against providing funding for domestically produced biofuels, and on multiple occasions, he voted against providing tax incentives for renewable energy.[171]

In 2009, Price voted against the American Clean Energy and Security Act,[171] which if passed, would have implemented a cap and trade system on greenhouse gas emissions. Although the bill was never voted on in the Senate, the Obama administration proceeded to regulate greenhouse gas emissions through the Clean Power Plan.[173] In 2011, Price voted for the Energy Tax Prevention Act, which if passed, would have prevented the Environmental Protection Agency from implementing such regulations.[171]

In 2011, Price supported the Farm Dust Regulation Prevention Act,[174] which if passed, would have prevented the Environmental Protection Agency from regulating the amount of dust produced through various commercial operations,[175][176] and the Superfund Common Sense Act, which would have removed manure from the federal government's list of hazardous or pollutant substances.[177] He also voted for the Agricultural Disaster Assistance Act of 2012,[178] which had it become law, would have made financial assistance available to ranchers who had lost livestock due to drought. The cost of the assistance would have been offset by cuts to programs intended to prevent future droughts.[179][180][181]

The American Farm Bureau Federation gave Price a score of 82% in 2005-2006, 23% in 2007-2008, 66% in 2009-2010, 70% in 2011, and 25% in 2014. Price consistently received 0% approval ratings from the National Farmers Union, during his time in Congress, except for when he received a score of 11% in 2012.[182]

The League of Conservation Voters gave Price a lifetime score of 4%.[183]

Foreign policy[edit]

Price voted to extend the Patriot Act.[184][185] Price voted against a resolution which would have forced the president to withdraw American forces from Iraq.[186] In 2015, Price stated his belief that states should not have to participate in refugee resettlement programs.[187]

During Price's first year in Congress, he voted for the United Nations Reform Act of 2005, which if passed, would have withdrawn up to one-half of US funding for the United Nations, unless various reforms were met. In 2011, Price voted for the United Nations Transparency, Accountability, and Reform Act, which would have limited the kind of funding allowed to be contributed to the United Nations.[188]

In 2005, Price voted against the East Asia Security Act, which would have allowed for sanctions to be placed on any country violating the arms embargo on China. In 2007, Price co-sponsored the Syria Accountability and Liberation Act, which if passed, would have strengthened the sanctions imposed on Syria under the Syria Accountability Act, and maintained those sanctions until weapons of mass destruction were seized in the country and dismantled. In 2008, Price voted in favor of the United States-India Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Non-proliferation Enhancement Act.[188]

Gun policy[edit]

Price opposes gun control. Over the course of his congressional career, he consistently received high ratings from the National Rifle Association and its Political Victory Fund, as well as from the Gun Owners of America, while consistently receiving scores of 0 from the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence.[189]

In 2005, Price voted for the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, which protects firearms manufacturers and dealers from facing legal consequences, when crimes are committed with the use of their products.[190]

In 2007, Price co-sponsored the D.C. Personal Protection Act,[190] which would have repealed many of Washington D.C.'s local gun control regulations, over the protests of D.C.'s elected officials.[190][191] Although the bill failed to become law, the 2008 Supreme Court decision District of Columbia v. Heller found that the absolute prohibition of handguns in D.C. was unconstitutional. Price praised this decision,[192] as well as the Supreme Court decision reached two years later in McDonald v. City of Chicago, which stated that the Second Amendment applies to the states.[193]

In 2009, Price supported the National Right-to-Carry Reciprocity Act, which if passed, would have made concealed carry permits issued by any state valid nationwide.[190]


Price believes that illegal immigrants in the United States should be deported, saying in 2005 of George W. Bush's plans for immigration reform, "Thinly veiled attempts to promote amnesty cannot be tolerated."[194] In 2009, Price voted for the Birthright Citizenship Act, which if passed, would have revised the U.S. Constitution's 14th Amendment to prevent children born to illegal immigrants in the country from attaining birthright citizenship.[195]

LGBTQ rights[edit]

In 2006, Price voted for the Marriage Protection Amendment, which would have defined marriage as being between a man and a woman.[123][196] He was one of the proposed amendment's co-sponsors, when it was reintroduced in 2008.[196] On multiple occasions, Price voted against the Employment Non-discrimination Act, which if passed, would have expanded federal anti-discrimination law to prohibit employers from discriminating on the basis of sexual orientation (several states already have such a protection and exceptions for religious organizations would have been allowed).[123][197][196] In 2015, he co-sponsored the First Amendment Defense Act, which if passed, would have prevented the federal government from penalizing businesses that deny services to same-sex couples.[198][199]

In 2009, Price opposed the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, which extended the scope of federal hate crime laws to include crimes in which individuals are targeted due to their sexual orientation, gender, or gender identity.[198][200][201] Price also voted against the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010[123][197][202] and the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013, which extended the original bill's protections to cover same-sex couples.[196][198]

In 2016, Price criticized the Obama administration's directive that allowed transgender students to use restrooms corresponding with their gender identity.[197][198][201] On Facebook, Price wrote, "It is absurd that we need a 'federal restroom policy' for our nation’s schools. This is yet another abuse and overreach of power by the #Obama Administration, and a clear invasion of privacy. Schools should not have to fear retaliation for failure to comply."[203]

Price consistently received scores of zero from the Human Rights Campaign (a gay rights organization) over the course of his congressional career, except for between 2007 and 2010, when he received 10% approval ratings.[204]


Price is the sponsor of the Empowering Patients First Act (EPFA), which he first introduced in the 111th Congress and has reintroduced in each Congress since then. Originally intended to be a Republican alternative to Democratic efforts to reform the health care system, it has since been positioned by Price and other Republicans as a potential replacement to the ACA. The bill, among other things, creates and expands tax credits for purchasing health insurance, allows for some interstate health insurance markets, and reforms medical malpractice lawsuits.

Price introduced the Pro-Growth Budgeting Act of 2013 on May 8, 2013.[205] The bill would require the Congressional Budget Office to provide a macroeconomic impact analysis for bills that are estimated to have a large budgetary effect.[206] Price said it was necessary because of the Congressional Budget Office's current method of reviewing bills just to see what they would cost. Price said "that is a model that has proven to be incapable of providing the type of macroeconomic diagnosis folks need to make sure we are pursuing policies that will help generate economic opportunity and bring down the nation's debt."[207] H.R. 1874 has passed the House but has yet to become law.

Committee assignments[edit]


Price endorsed Mitt Romney in the Republican Party's 2008 presidential primaries[209] and Newt Gingrich in the party's 2012 primaries.[210] In 2016, he supported Marco Rubio and initially opposed Donald Trump, saying in March of that year that Trump would be "dangerous for politics and the economy."[211] Despite this, once Trump became the Republican Party's presumptive nominee, Price switched his allegiance and corralled eight of his fellow House Republican committee chairs into joining him.[212] They released a group endorsement of Donald Trump for president on May 13, 2016, which stated, "There is a path to winning in November, and it comes through unity. To solidify this partnership, we endorse Mr. Trump as the Republican nominee for President and call upon all Americans to support him."[213] A month later, Price's efforts in getting those committee chairs to endorse Trump led the Washington Post to name Price as one of Trump's "top six allies in Congress."[214]

Secretary of Health and Human Services[edit]

On November 29, 2016, Price was nominated for United States Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) by President-elect Donald Trump.[215] On February 1, 2017, the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee approved his nomination by a vote of 11–0 with all Democrats boycotting the vote, sending the nomination to the Senate floor.[216] On February 10, 2017, the Senate confirmed Price in a 52–47 vote.[217]

In March 2017, Price endorsed the American Health Care Act of 2017, a bill proposed by House Republicans that would repeal the individual mandate and make several other major changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[218] When the Congressional Budget Office estimated that the American Health Care Act would insure 24 million fewer Americans than the Affordable Care Act by 2026 and reduce the federal deficit by $337 billion in the same span, Price said he disagreed "strenuously" with the report and found it "not believable".[219]

In April 2017, Public News Service reporter Dan Heyman was arrested by West Virginia police for "aggressively breaching Secret Service agents" and "causing a disturbance by yelling questions" related to proposed healthcare legislation at Price and Kellyanne Conway. [220] Price said the arrest was "not my decision to make".[221]

Private jet scandal[edit]

See also: Ben Carson office furnishing scandal

Price speaking on a panel about healthcare at the 2014 CPAC
Price's official Trump Transition portrait


Ideology–Leadership Chart

Price is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 2016 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Price sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.

Enacted Legislation

Price was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:

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We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Price sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:

Health (49%)Economics and Public Finance (16%)Labor and Employment (13%)Taxation (11%)Government Operations and Politics (7%)Energy (4%)

Recent Bills

Some of Price’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Key Votes

Price’s VoteVote Description
Nay S. 1252: Global Food Security Act of 2016
Jul 6, 2016. Passed 369/53.
The Global Food Security Act of 2016 (Pub.L. 114–195), is a law introduced on March 24, 2015 in the 114th Congress by Representative Christopher Henry "Chris" Smith (New Jersey-R) and on May 7, 2015 by Senator Robert Patrick "Bob" Casey Jr. (Pennsylvania-D), and signed by ...
Nay H.R. 4889: Kelsey Smith Act
May 23, 2016. Failed 229/158.
Aye H.R. 2146: Defending Public Safety Employees’ Retirement Act
Jun 18, 2015. Passed 218/208.
This vote made H.R. 2146 the vehicle for passage of Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal currently being negotiated. H.R. 2146 was originally introduced as a bill to address issues with retirement funds of federal law enforcement officers and firefighters. ...
Yea H.R. 2048: Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ensuring Effective Discipline Over Monitoring Act of 2015
May 13, 2015. Passed 338/88.
The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of the Patriot Act, which had expired the day before. The act imposes some new limits on the bulk collection of ...
Nay H.R. 623: Social Media Working Group Act of 2015
Feb 2, 2015. Passed 328/51.
Aye H.J.Res. 124 (113th): Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2015
Sep 17, 2014. Passed 319/108.
Nay S. 1603 (113th): Gun Lake Trust Land Reaffirmation Act
Sep 16, 2014. Passed 359/64.
No H.R. 1947 (113th): Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013
Jun 20, 2013. Failed 195/234.
Aye H.R. 1249 (112th): Leahy-Smith America Invents Act
Jun 23, 2011. Passed 304/117.
The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack Obama on September 16, 2011. The law represents the most significant change to the U.S. patent system since 1952, and ...
Nay S. 3729 (111th): National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2010
Sep 29, 2010. Passed 304/118.

Missed Votes

From Jan 2005 to Feb 2017, Price missed 255 of 8,965 roll call votes, which is 2.8%. This is on par with the median of 2.3% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Feb 2017. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

Show the numbers...

Time PeriodVotes EligibleMissed VotesPercentPercentile
2005 Jan-Mar9000.0%0th
2005 Apr-Jun27200.0%0th
2005 Jul-Sep14610.7%27th
2005 Oct-Dec16342.5%46th
2006 Jan-Mar8167.4%85th
2006 Apr-Jun27631.1%26th
2006 Jul-Sep15931.9%49th
2006 Nov-Dec2700.0%0th
2007 Jan-Mar21310.5%20th
2007 Apr-Jun39310.3%8th
2007 Jul-Sep31730.9%23rd
2007 Oct-Dec26320.8%15th
2008 Jan-Mar14953.4%50th
2008 Apr-Jun32151.6%31st
2008 Jul-Sep20510.5%15th
2008 Oct-Dec1500.0%0th
2009 Jan-Mar17421.1%36th
2009 Apr-Jun30341.3%33rd
2009 Jul-Sep26862.2%61st
2009 Oct-Dec246187.3%84th
2010 Jan-Mar195136.7%82nd
2010 Apr-Jun219177.8%83rd
2010 Jul-Sep15132.0%50th
2010 Nov-Dec9955.1%61st
2011 Jan-Mar21210.5%26th
2011 Apr-Jun28120.7%34th
2011 Jul-Sep24700.0%0th
2011 Oct-Dec20831.4%46th
2012 Jan-Mar15110.7%24th
2012 Apr-Jun29900.0%0th
2012 Jul-Sep15200.0%0th
2012 Nov-Dec5112.0%38th
2013 Jan-Jan500.0%0th
2013 Jan-Mar8911.1%42nd
2013 Apr-Jun21500.0%0th
2013 Jul-Sep20031.5%52nd
2013 Oct-Dec13700.0%0th
2014 Jan-Mar14853.4%66th
2014 Apr-Jun21900.0%0th
2014 Jul-Sep14721.4%49th
2014 Nov-Dec4912.0%55th
2015 Jan-Mar14400.0%0th
2015 Apr-Jun24400.0%0th
2015 Jul-Sep1392115.1%96th
2015 Oct-Dec17710.6%31st
2016 Jan-Mar1371410.2%83rd
2016 Apr-Jun20431.5%40th
2016 Jul-Sep23231.3%55th
2016 Nov-Dec48816.7%96th
2017 Jan-Mar858296.5%100th

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:

Tom Price is pronounced:

The letters stand for sounds according to the following table:

Capital letters indicate a stressed syllable.

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