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Arabic Grammar Lesson 8 Homework

Chapter 8:  البَدَل–badal–means “something that stands in for something else,” or “something that replaces something else.” 


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Part 1

Resources

Download Book 1

Download Book 1 Key

Download Book 1 Solutions

Download Book 1 Handouts

Download Book 1 Vocabulary

Download Past Tense

Download Present Tense

Type Arabic onscreen with an oline Keyboard

 

Vocabulary:

Germany

ألْمَانِيَا

A Knife

سِكِّينٌ

Switzerland

سُوِيسْرَا

Open

مَفْتُوحٌ

The Spoon

الْمِلْعَقَةُ

Closed

مُغْلَقٌ

Simple Detached Pronouns (Revision):

Now look at the pronouns below and read on your fingers 7 times. Ignore the attached pronouns for the time being. We have drawn a picture for you to understand this memorisation technique even further.

Detached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

He

Huwa

هُو

Them (2 He)

Huma

هُمَا

They (3+ He)

Hum

هُم

Third

Person

Feminine

She

Hiya

هِيَ

Them (2 She)

Huma

هُمَا

They (3+ She)

Hunna

هُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

You (Male)

Anta

أنتَ

You (2, Male)

Antuma

أنتُمَا

You (3+ Male)

Antum

أنتُم

Second

Person

Feminine

You (Female)

Anti

أنتِ

You (2, Female)

Antuma

أنتُمَا

You (3+, Female)

Antunna

أنتُنَّ

First

Person

I

Anna

أنَا

We

Nahnu

نَحنُ

 

Simple Attached Pronouns:

Use the pores of your fingers to learn this table just like you have memorised the previous tables.

Attached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

His

Hu

هُ

Theirs (2 He)

Huma

هُمَا

Theirs (3+ He)

Hum

هُم

Third

Person

Feminine

Her

Ha

هَا

Theirs (2 She)

Huma

هُمَا

Theirs (3+ She)

Hunna

هُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

Your (Male)

Kaa

كَ

Your (2, Male)

Kuma

كُمَا

Your (3+ Male)

Kum

كُم

Second

Person

Feminine

Your (Female)

Ki

كِ

Your (2, Female)

Kuma

كُمَا

Your (3+, Female)

Kunna

كُنَّ

First

Person

Mine

Ie

يْ

Ours

Naa

نَا

 The last vowel of the pronoun is stripped of its Tanween, replaced with a single vowel and the pronoun is attached directly to it, for example:

 Your pen (1,M)    قَلَمٌ  +  كَ   =  قَلَمُكَ

Their book (3+,F)    كِتَابٌ  +  هُنَّ   =  كِتَابُهُنَّ

Attached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

His Book

Kitabuhu

كِتَابُهُ

Theirs (2 He) Book

KitabuHuma

كِتَابُهُمَا

Theirs (3+ He) Book

KitabuHum

كِتَابُهُم

Third

Person

Feminine

Her Book

KitabuHa

كِتَابُهَا

Theirs (2 She) Book

KitabuHuma

كِتَابُهُمَا

Theirs (3+ She) Book

KitabuHunna

كِتَابُهُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

Your (Male) Book

KitabuKaa

كِتَابُكَ

Your (2, Male) Book

KitabuKuma

كِتَابُكُمَا

Your (3+ Male) Book

KitabuKum

كِتَابُكُم

Second

Person

Feminine

Your (Female) Book

KitabuKi

كِتَابُكِ

Your (2, Female) Book

KitabuKuma

كِتَابُكُمَا

Your (3+, Female) Book

KitabuKunna

كِتَابُكُنَّ

First

Person

My Book

Kitabuie

كِتَابِيْ

Our Book

KitabuNaa

كِتَابُنَا

In case of "My book" the vowel on the last letter is Kasrah instead of Damma and this will always happen in the case of "My ..."

Homework:

Please create a nice table in your exercise books and attach pronouns to all of the words below and then translate.

رَبٌ
رَسُولٌ
قَلَمٌ


 

Part 2:

You have learned simple sentensces and their analysis e.g. to say “This is a Masjid” it is:

هَـٰذَا مَسْجِدٌ

The analysis of this sentence is as follows:

 

 

1هَـٰذَا Is a masculine demonstrative pronoun for near objects

 

2مَسْجِدٌ Is Khabar therefore it is:

 

aMarfoo

 

bIndefinite

 

cMasculine because it has to match the Gender of the first word (i.e. the pronoun)

 

3The Arabic setence literally means:

 

"This a Masjid"

 

4The English word “is” or the copula doesn’t exist in Arabic so it is manually inserted making the accurate translation to be:

 "This is a Masjid"

 

However often after the demonstrative pronoun sometimes a Badal is used which is a subsitute i.e. we can remove the Badal and the sentence will remain valid e.g.

هَـٰذَا المَسْجِدُ كَبِيرٌ

Notice that the following sentence is perfectly valid:

هَـٰذَا كَبِيرٌ

And so is this one:

 المَسْجِدُ كَبِيرٌ

But there is a difference in translation:

هَـٰذَا كَبِيرٌ

"This is Big"

هَـٰذَا المَسْجِدُ كَبِيرٌ

 

"This Masjid is Big"

 

To illustrate the point further, these two phrases in Arabic mean two separate things!

 

هَـٰذَا مَسْجِدٌ

 

"This is a Masjid"

 

 . . . هَـٰذَا المَسْجِدُ

"This Masjid is..."

 

Badal (substitue) must watch the demonstrative pronoun i.e.definite and state (i.e. Marfoo, Mansoob, Majroor).

Homework:

Translate the following into Arabic and compare:

1 This is a House VS This House is...

 

2 This is a Book VS This Book is...

 

3 This is a watch VS This watch is...

 

4 This is a cow VS This cow is...

 

5 This is a Room VS This Room is...

 

In all the examples above in the first case you have a full sentence (i.e. Mubata & Khabar) while the second one is a phrase where you just have Mubata & Badal but no Khabar.


Part 3:

Here is the analysis of the first two lines of the Lesson:

هَذَا الرَّجُلُتَاجِرٌوَ ذَلَكَ الرَّجُلُطَبِيبٌ

 

  • Mubata is in BLUE
  • Badal is in GREEN (notice how it matches the Mubata i.e. it is defnite and Marfoo)
  • Khabar is in ORANGE
  • Ataf is in TURQUOISE
  • Sentence means "This man is a Businessman AND That man is a Doctor"

اِسْمُ التَّاجِرِمَحْمُودٌوَ اِسْمُ الطَّبَيبِسَعِيدٌ

 

  • Mubata is in BLUE and it is also Mudaf
  • Mudaf-Ileh is in GREEN
  • Khabar is in ORANGE
  • Ataf is in TURQUOISE
  • Sentence means "The name of the Businessman is Mahmood AND the name of the Doctor is Saeed"

هَذَا البَيتُ لِلتَّاجِرِ وَ ذَلَكَ البَيتُ ِللطَّبَيبِ

Arabic Language Course Index

Please click on the lesson number to start the lesson. If you cannot read the Arabic script then please complete the Arabic Reading Course before starting this course.


Lesson:

Description - Lesson Content:

Planned Availability:

Lesson 1

  • The phrase haadhaa which means 'This is..'.

Available

Lesson 2

  • The phrase Dhalika which means 'That is..'.

Available

Lesson 3

  • The Arabic Definite Article - Alif Laam - which corresponds to 'The' in English.

Available

Lesson 4

  • Prepositions - i.e. words showing the relationship of one noun to another (e.g. to, from, in, at etc).
  • Masculine and Feminine Pronouns - i.e. He and She.
  • Nominal and Verbal sentences

Available

Lesson 5

  • Expression of ownership - i.e. showing one noun owns another - e.g. 'The teacher's car'
  • Mabni - Indeclinable words which do not change their case with different causes and maintain their vowel ending
  • Article to call someone (vocative particle) - e.g. 'Oh Umar!'

Available

Lesson 6

  • Feminine pronoun for 'This' - Hadhihi.
  • Masculine and Feminine nouns
  • Prepositions

Available

Lesson 7

  • The Demonstrative Pronoun for the Feminine Articles "تِلْكَ"
  • Use of Shadda and dropping of letter 'lam' of the definite article 'al' when used with solar letters.

Available

Lesson 8

  • Revision Lesson
  • In this lesson we will Insha Allah revise all the grammatical rules we have learnt so far.

Available

Lesson 9

  • The Adjective clause
  • The Relative pronoun

Available

Lesson 10

  • Posessive Pronouns
  • Five Nouns (exception)
  • New prepositions, pronouns when added to verbs.

Available

Lesson 11

  • Attaching pronouns to prepositions
  • Present Tense Verbs - Introduction
  • Object of a Verbal Sentence

Available

Lesson 12

  • How to have a discussion in Arabic
  • The conversion of a masculine verb into a feminine verb
  • The use of the feminine relative pronoun (that, who, which)

Available

Lesson 13

  • Plural form of the Demonstrative Pronoun
  • Sound Plural
  • Broken Plural

Available

Lesson 14

  • Plural form of the Demonstrative Pronoun ("That")
  • Plural form of the personal pronouns in the 3rd person
  • Plural form of the masculine and feminine verbs in 3rd person (e.g. He Went, She Went, They Went)

Available

Lesson 15

  • Plural form of masculine personal pronouns in the 2nd person.
  • Plural form of masculine possessive pronouns
  • Plural form of the masculine verbs in the 2nd person (e.g. You went)

Available

Lesson 16

  • Plural form of the Personal and Possessive Pronouns (You / Your) referring to the feminine nouns.
  • The plural form of the simple feminine verbs connected to the pronoun - i.e. ذَهَبْتُنَّ
  • The words for 'before' and 'after

Available

Lesson 17

  • The concept of rational and irrational nouns.
  • A new pattern for the broken plurals

Available

Lesson 18

  • The dual form in the Arabic language for demonstrative and personal pronouns.
  • The interrogative article used to ask 'how many' - كَمْ؟

Available

Lesson 19

  • The numbers for one to ten (as applied to masculine nouns).

Available

Lesson 20

  • The numbers for one to ten (as applied to feminine nouns).

Available

Lesson 21

  • Introduction to the diptotes.

Available

Lesson 22

Available

Lesson 23

  • The types of noun in Arabic in detail

Available

Lesson 24

  • The demonstrative and relative pronouns in detail.

Available

Lesson 25

  • Introduction to /iξraab/ declension and structure, and difference between the declinable and the indeclinable words.

Available

Lesson 26

  • The composite numeral, including:
    • Numbers from 1 to 10. Lesson 18, 19
    • Numbers from 11 to 19.
    • Numbers from 20 to 99.
    • Numbers 100, 200 … 1000.

Available

Lesson 27

  • Nouns with shortened ending
  • Nouns with curtailed ending
  • Nouns with extended ending

Available

Lesson 28

  • Past, present and imperative verbs

Available

Lesson 29

  • Verbs in past, present and future tenses

Available

Lesson 30

  • Masculine and feminine verb (past, present, imperative)

Available

Lesson 31

  • Affirmative verb, negative verb and auxiliaries used for verb negation.

Available

Lesson 32

  • The sound verb, the weak verb, and the weak letters

Available

Lesson 33

  • The transitive and intransitive verbs

Available

Lesson 34

  • The active and passive verb

Available

Lesson 35

Available

Lesson 36

  • The cases/iξrâb/ of the sound and weak verbs

Available

Lesson 37

  • The cases/iξrâb/ of the five verbs

Available

Lesson 38

  • Structure of the present verb

Available

Lesson 39

  • Structure of the past verb

Available

Lesson 40

  • Structure of the imperative verb

Available

Lesson 41

  • The interrogative nouns /man/, /mā/, /mādhā/, and /limādhā/

Available

Lesson 42

  • The interrogative nouns /matā/, /ayna/, /kayfa/, and /kam/

Available

Lesson 43

  • The interrogative particles: /a/ and /hal/

Available

Lesson 44

  • Personal pronouns:
    Detached nominal and accusative pronouns

Available

Lesson 45

  • Nominative attached pronouns

Available

Lesson 46

  • Accusative attached pronouns

Available

Lesson 47

Available

Lesson 48

  • Latent pronouns:
    General exercises and revision for the personal pronouns

Available

Lesson 49

Available

Lesson 50

Available

Lesson 51

  • The noun with extended ending

Available

Lesson 52

  • The noun with curtailed ending

Available

Lesson 53

  • The noun with shortened ending

Available

Lesson 54

Available

Lesson 55

Available

Lesson 56

  • The sound masculine plural

Available

Lesson 57

Available

Lesson 58

Available

Lesson 59

Available

Lesson 60

Available

Lesson 61

  • /laa/ of generic negation

Available

Lesson 62

Available

Lesson 63

Available

Lesson 64

Available

Lesson 65

  • The subject of the passive (with an introduction to the sentence in passive voice)

Available

Lesson 66

Available

Lesson 67

Available

Lesson 68

Available

Lesson 69

  • The circumstantial object

Available

Lesson 70

Available

Lesson 71

Available

Lesson 72

  • The distinctive preceded by kamm. Lesson 17

Available

Lesson 73

Available

Lesson 74

Available

Lesson 75

Available

Lesson 76

Available

Lesson 77

Available

Lesson 78

  • Introduction to the Followers:
    The Adjective

Available

Lesson 79

Available

Lesson 80

Available

Lesson 81

Available

Lesson 82

Available

Lesson 83

Available

Lesson 84

  • The persuasion and warning

Available

Lesson 85

Available

Lesson 86

Available

Lesson 87

Available

Lesson 88

  • The demand (the imperative and interdiction)

Available

Lesson 89

  • The apology, welcoming and congratulation

Available

Lesson 90

  • Introduction to morphology

Not Available

Lesson 91

  • The types/measures of verbs

Not Available

Lesson 92

  • Measures of the simple verbs

Not Available

Lesson 93

  • Measures of the augmented verbs

Not Available

Lesson 94

  • Defection and replacement

Not Available

Lesson 95

  • Formation of the passive verbs

Not Available

Lesson 96

  • Attribution of verbs to pronouns

Not Available

Lesson 97

  • The affirmation of the verb/ the Emphatic

Not Available

Lesson 98

  • The active participle and the passive participle

Not Available

Lesson 99

  • The noun of time and the noun of place

Not Available

Lesson 100

  • The superlative and the verbal adjective

Not Available

Lesson 101

  • Noun of preference/the superlative noun

Not Available

Lesson 102

  • The noun of usage/instrument

Not Available

Lesson 103

  • Relation to words using the hard ya’

Not Available

Lesson 104

Not Available

Lesson 105

  • The hamza of liaison and hamza of rupture. Lesson 5

Not Available

Lesson 106

  • Typography of the hamza of liaison

Not Available

Lesson 107

  • Typography of the ta’ and the shortened ’alif

Not Available

Lesson 108

  • Pronounced letters that are not written, and written letters that are silent

Not Available

Lesson 109

  • Letters that can be omitted

Not Available

Lesson 110

Not Available


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