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Essay On Bosnia

Bosnia Civil War Essay

The genocide in Bosnia started in 1992 and lasted until 1995 and it involved the massacre of the Muslims by the Serbs . The United Nations and the Great Powers of the world failed Bosnia in providing support and aid. To understand what went wrong during the crisis in Bosnia one must first look at the situation that existed there before the conflict. Bosnia is made up of three different ethnicities, the Muslims made up forty-five percent of the population, the Serbs made up thirty-three percent of the population and the Croats consisted of the remaining sixteen percent . The major difference between these ethnicities is not their language but their religions. The Muslims generally practice Islam, the Serbs were traditionally Orthodox and the Croats were mainly Roman Catholic, but the conflict between them was not so much based on their religion as much as nationalism (pg691) . The different ethnicities were not separated within Bosnia; instead they were all mixed together . For example, villages that were made up of mostly Serbs may surround a largely Muslim town . The different ethnicities would not interact with one another on a regular basis but they also were not separated into different and exclusive areas (pg691) . The tensions between these three ethnicities had been steadily rising throughout history but they were generally kept under control by outside forces . They were originally forced to co-exist under the Ottoman Empire, then a Serb monarchy forced them to cooperate and lastly it was Tito who installed order through Yugoslavia . After Tito passed away they each started to embrace the freedom they never had and that is when the violent ethnic conflicts started (pg691) . As well as the different ethnicity another part of history also had an impact of the conflict. There was an arms embargo in place against all of Yugoslavia and it continued even when the previous nation began to fall apart. This meant that the people within Bosnia were unable to practice collective or independent self-defense and it prevented the people from resisting the genocide (pg697) . All of this led up to a horrible genocide of the Bosnian Muslims by the Serb population. The United Nations did what it could to help but it ultimately failed. This essay will explore the reasons why it failed which include the role of the great powers at the time, the institution of the U.N. and the failures of the peacekeeping operations.
The Great Powers
Some of the problems within the operation in Bosnia came from the Western civilized world, which included France, Britain and the United States. At this time in the world the powers of the world did not want to get directly involved in conflicts unilaterally (pg6) . Instead they would participate in peacekeeping missions approved by the United Nations (U.N.) in order to give the appearance that they were getting involved in international affairs (pg6) . In order to keep up with the appearances they would give the illusion of...

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Bosnian Genocide - Failure of the West?

1430 words - 6 pages The Bosnian genocide in 1992-95 is a prime example of the apathy that man can show toward the suffering of his fellow man. Even though it was widely considered to be “the worst act of genocide since the Nazi regime’s destruction of some 6 million European Jews during World War II,” (History.com) the world offered little help. While the U.N. sent peacekeepers to offer humanitarian aid and create “safe zones”, this did little to stem the tide of...

Causes of World War One Essay

1318 words - 5 pages Unlike World War II, the causes of World War I are not as obvious. Although they aren't as obvious, there are still many causes leading to the war. Historians say the war had been building up for some time prior to 1914. Economic and imperial competition and fear of war prompted military alliances and a weapons dispute, which further escalated the pressure contributing to the outbreak of war.Some of the causes can be explained, more in...

The dissolution of Yugoslavia and the path to the Bosnian War.

2253 words - 9 pages The series of conflicts which plagued the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (hereafter Yugoslavia) for over a decade from 1991 can be divided into two distinct phases: The conflicts that took place in the earlier half of the 1990s immediately following Yugoslavia's dissolution; and those conflicts...

The Causes of the Yugoslav Civil War

2012 words - 8 pages The war in Yugoslavia is often compared with images of Nazi Germany and Stalin's pogroms in the Soviet Union by historians. The Yugoslav Civil War began in October of 1991. Global Community worked through the UN, NATO, and the European Community to bring an end to the violence in 1999. However, Kosovo is still being rebuilt; indicted war criminals remain free;...

The United States as a World Power

3225 words - 13 pages The United States as a World Power:How much longer will the US be thepoliceman of the World ?Juan Valdez??-??-96PoliticsThe United States has been a super power for decades, and since America has always involved themselves in other countries' problems. Instead of isolationism, the country has practiced getting involved. Since the Monroe Presidency, America has been named the World's police force....

Canada role in the United Nations

1880 words - 8 pages Untitled Canada Role In The United Nations

The Major Causes of World War I

2447 words - 10 pages The World at the beginning of the twentieth century was a very different place from what is was to be two generations later. "Primarily this was so because Europe was still the center of the universe, both politically and economically, and Europe was still in the main the Europe of the ancien régime." (Petrie 7). By the year 1901, Europe's nineteenth-century promises had become substantial realities: the nation state, constitutional...

International Charter Of Human

990 words - 4 pages International Declaration of Human Rights and Freedoms History      After the war crimes committed by the Germans in the holocaust that occurred during World War II, the United nations decided to create a document guaranteeing respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all people, regardless of race, sex, language, or religion. This document was called The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. ...

In war, no one wins.

1018 words - 4 pages Though it has been years since a major regional conflict has threatened the fragile balance of peace that exists today, the horrors of war and the memories and lessons that were the bitter fruits of the acts of monstrosity must not be forgotten. It is true that with the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the subsequent end to the Cold War that had more than once...

An Analysis of No Mans Land and Gallipoli

695 words - 3 pages In the world during the 19th century many wars marked history, people chose to die for their country and their religion. The two movies chosen were "No Man's Land" and "Gallipoli." The first movie was "No Man's Land" which took place in Bosnia, which was about the Serb-Bosnia conflict. The second movie was "Gallipoli" which took place in Austria, which was about the trench warfare in Gallipoli The movie "No Man's Land", the main characters...

Absence of Children's Wisdom in the Bosnian Conflict

2908 words - 12 pages Absence of Children's Wisdom in the Bosnian Conflict “There was never a time when, in my opinion, some way could not be found to prevent the drawing of the sword”(1). In the films, Pretty Village, Pretty Flame, No Man’s Land, and The Fourth Part of the Brain, the Bosnians were not particularly nationalistic or savage, rather; they were normal people whose leaders led them into a violent struggle with their friends and neighbors, which was...

The Bosnian Genocide Essay

The Bosnian War took place between March 1992 and November 1995. During this war, there was a horrible amount of the Bosnian Muslims who were killed by the Bosnian Serbs in Srebrenica. Conflicts between the Serbs and Croats dated back centuries, but became the most brutal during the aftermath of World War II. In fact, there were so many killed in these brutal disputes that the United States Congress passed a resolution declaring that "the Serbian policies of aggression and ethnic cleansing meet the terms defining genocide". Although the two groups were at war, the mass killing resulted in a horrible genocide of a race of humans, and it showed how uncivilized humans can be in war.

Bosnia is one of several small countries that emerged from the break-up of Yugoslavia, a multicultural country created after World War I by the victorious Western Allies. Yugoslavia was composed of ethnic and religious groups that had been historical rivals, even bitter enemies, including the Serbs, Croats and ethnic Albanians. In June 1991, Slovenia and Croatia both declared their independence from Yugoslavia soon resulting in civil war. The national army of Yugoslavia, now made up of Serbs controlled by Milosevic, a Serbian leader and former communist, stormed into Slovenia but failed to subdue the separatists there and withdrew after only ten days of fighting.

In April 1992, the U.S. and European Community chose to recognize the independence of Bosnia, a mostly Muslim country where the Serb minority made up thirty two percent of the population. Milosevic responded to Bosnia's declaration of independence by attacking Sarajevo, its capital city. Sarajevo soon became known as the city...

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Human Rights Abuses - Ethnic Cleansing During the Bosnian War. 20/20

1138 words - 5 pages DOWNLOAD THE FULL TEXT - it will make much more sense.The "ethnic cleansing" by Bosnian Serbs in 1992 is an example of human rights abuse. Ethnic cleansing is defined by the American Heritage Dictionary as "the systematic elimination of an ethnic group or groups from a region or society, as by deportation, forced emigration, or genocide."The IncidentThe

The Genocide of Native Americans Essay

1359 words - 5 pages Memoirs are a window into events of the past or peoples lives. The more that people read memoirs, the more people understand about the world around them. That is why many memoirs are considered to be classics. There have been many different Genocides throughout our history. According to the merriam-webster.com a genocide is “the deliberate killing of people who belong to a particular racial, political, or cultural group” (genocide). Many...

Humanitarian Intervention

990 words - 4 pages Humanitarian Intervention Hypothesis: That despite the incidents where humanitarian interventions have proved seemingly unsuccessful, they are, nonetheless, a vital tool in alleviating the human suffering that so plagues contemporary society. The post-Cold war world is one that has been riddled with conflict, suffering and war. In the face of such times, the issue of humanitarian intervention and about who, when and how it should be...

Genocide

3296 words - 13 pages Genocide It is amazing the word genocide has not been identified earlier in time. It is quite evident that it has been Practice with various controlling entities throughout history. It can be seen in the Peloponnesian War by statements giving by Thucydides”; He describes in his writings the slaughtering of people in Melos after refusing to surrender. Many references of various battles in ancient time would slaughter the men in the populace in...

Lack of Involvement: The Role of the United States in the Bosnian War

2170 words - 9 pages What is truth? Does truth lie in the actual stories of people that experienced the atrocities of war? Or does it lie in the teachers and textbooks students are handed all around the world? Controversial historical occurrences, mainly wars, often have tens if not hundreds of different stories and sides to them. One country claims it was a civil war, while another states it was genocide. In the curriculum for history in the United States, our...

The Dayton Accords

2627 words - 11 pages The death of the Marshal Josip Broz Tito in 1980, led to a major political transition of Yugoslavia. By taking the Presidency of Serbia in 1987, Milosevic began to pursue authority over Yugoslavian Federation, thus encouraging a different style of rule, the ultra-nationalistic tendency, and advocating for “incendiary Nationalism” towards other ethnic groups and nations of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Simon and Smale). The shift from the...

Absence of Children's Wisdom in the Bosnian Conflict

2908 words - 12 pages Absence of Children's Wisdom in the Bosnian Conflict “There was never a time when, in my opinion, some way could not be found to prevent the drawing of the sword”(1). In the films, Pretty Village, Pretty Flame, No Man’s Land, and The Fourth Part of the Brain, the Bosnians were not particularly nationalistic or savage, rather; they were normal people whose leaders led them into a violent struggle with their friends and neighbors, which was...

Slobodan Milosevic

2664 words - 11 pages Slobodan MilosevicAfter World War II, the communist leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito took control of the Austro-Hungary government, and declared a new federal Republic on November 29th, 1945 named Yugoslavia. This Republic was joined by Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro. When Tito died on May 4th, 1980; the tension...

How The Holocaust Compares To One Other Form Of Modern Genocide (Kurdish Genocide)

1493 words - 6 pages Suhayl Kassam 9T YEAR NINE END OF UNIT ASSESSMENTTHE HOLOCAUST: STUDIES OF SUFFERINGFEBRUARY 2009I decided to choose the genocide in Northern Iraq from 1986 to 1989. This genocide was mainly against the Kurdish population, and it was led by Saddam Hussein (the president at the time) and his cousin

What use is{was} this war ?

8672 words - 35 pages World War II had stroked my soul not alike any other warfare. Holocaust, genocide, concentration camp were the nightmare terms that I had to grow up with. Certainly, every war leaves physical and psychiatric reflection on a nation; however, because it happened only fifty years ago, it took away lives of my relatives, this account of humanity couldn't be forgotten by...

Bosnia Civil War

2909 words - 12 pages The genocide in Bosnia started in 1992 and lasted until 1995 and it involved the massacre of the Muslims by the Serbs . The United Nations and the Great Powers of the world failed Bosnia in providing support and aid. To understand what went wrong during the crisis in Bosnia one must first look at the situation that existed there before the conflict. Bosnia is made up of three different ethnicities, the Muslims made up forty-five percent of the...

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