What is the scientific method? It is a process used to find answers to questions about the world around us. It begins with a question that comes from observation and is answered through an organized method of conducting and analyzing an experiment. (Mularella, 2007) In this hypothetical example, I would like to explore the answer to the following question: Can K-gro brand fertilizer increase tomato crop yields by up to 50%? First, this question must have originated through observation. I have noticed that my neighbor’s plants are producing much more fruit than mine, and I wondered why. Upon investigating, I discovered that one of the only differences in our gardening techniques is the use of different fertilizers. All other factors are the same. Our soil, weather conditions and daylight do not vary.
Therefore, it is my hypothesis, or educated guess, that it is our fertilizers that are producing the difference in our crops. I predict, or foresee the outcome of my investigation to be that my neighbor’s use of K-gro brand fertilizer results in this abundance of tomatoes that is nearly twice that of my plants. Now for the fun part, I will perform an experiment or test, to either prove or disprove my theory or hypothesis. I will set up three groups of tomato plants. All of them being the same age and brand of tomato. The growing medium and environment for the plants will all be the same. The only difference will be the type of fertilizer used on each group. Group A will receive K-gro brand, group B will receive my normal brand of fertilizer and Group C will not receive any fertilizer. This will be my control group. By keeping all conditions, except for the type of fertilizer, the same I am also creating a controlled environment. Therefore, this will eliminate the possibility of other factor to influence the tomato growth. The next phase of my experiment will be the results. This is the end of my experiment where I determine whether or not my hypothesis is supported. I measure the amount of fruit produced in each group of plants and compare the results among the groups.
This is considered to be analyzing the data. If group A has produced more fruit that Group B and C, than I can say that my hypothesis is supported. That is, if the yield was twice that of the other groups. Otherwise, my original hypothesis will be unsupported. In either case, my end result will be my conclusion. There is no right or wrong answer. If the result is not what I had expected, it still may assist someone else in further studying the effects of this fertilizer. By communicating my results, I may interest others in pursuing these questions which will then lead right back to step one! (w/c 471) Scientific Method – The Seven Step Process to Scientific Investigations, Mularella, Jeremy, August 22, 2007, retrieved from: www.slideshare.net/mrmlarella/scientific-method-95777
Show MoreThe scientific method is a process that outlines a number of principles for answering questions. Many people in day-to-day situations use the scientific method. For example, if I were to try to start my car and it doesn’t work, my first reaction would be to think of reason my car is not starting. This is just a brief example of scientific method. The principles in Scientific method should be used in an orderly manner to answer your questions. Scientific method lets people research true things as well as false. There is no guessing when using Scientific method it is completely natural. From my military career I can say from experience that Integrity is one of our Five Army Values. I like to think the Scientific method is having…show more content…
Inductive and Deductive reasoning differ by the fact that inductive reasoning is based on experience or observation, while deductive reasoning is based on laws, rules or other widely accepted principles. The final step to scientific method is the conclusion. Scientist must analyze the data in order to reach a conclusion as to whether the hypothesis is supported or not.
The main goal of science is to distinguish the necessary from the not so necessary. In doing this, science distinguished laws from theories. A theory is an axiomatic system constituting a self-contained world. A law is what is real within-constituent of- an axiomatic system, and an accidental generalization is untrue within- not constituent of- an axiomatic system. Since a statistically significant correlation can be real in one axiomatic system and unreal in another, what is a law in one axiomatic system need not be a law in another system. (Gödel’s Proof 27) A scientific law is usually a statement of fact that is meant to explain a set of action. Scientific laws are generally accepted to be true and universal. An example of a law would be the laws of thermodynamics. A scientific theory in many ways is like a law. Theory is an explanation or a set of action based on a hypothesis. The difference between scientific theory and scientific law is that the theory is more complicated. A law is about a single action, whereas theory explains the entire series of actions. In